GAJI MINIMUM SEKTOR SWASTA


PENGUMUMAN

Majlis Pengumuman Gaji Minimum Sektor Swasta akan diadakan pada 30 April 2012 di Dewan Perdana, Pusat Konvensyen Antarabangsa (PICC), Putrajaya

Pengenalan KSM

Kata-kata aluan Y.B Menteri

Tuan/ puan yang dihormati,

Salam 1Malaysia

Selaras dengan konsep “1Malaysia: Rakyat Didahulukan, Pencapaian Diutamakan”, Kerajaan melalui Kementerian Sumber Manusia sedang mengkaji kemungkinan pelaksanaan gaji minimum kebangsaan untuk pekerja sektor swasta di Malaysia. Kajian ini juga selaras dengan hala tuju Kerajaan untuk merealisasikan Model Ekonomi Baru (MEB) yang berteraskan ekonomi berpendapatan tinggi dan usaha mempertingkatkan taraf hidup isirumah berpendapatan rendah.

Tidak dinafikan, masih terdapat segelintir rakyat yang hidup di bawah paras Pendapatan Garis Kemiskinan (PLI), malahan ramai pekerja yang menerima upah kurang daripada RM750 sebulan. Sebagai contoh, analisis gaji yang ditawarkan oleh majikan dalam program Fast Track KSM bagi bulan Oktober - Disember 2009, menunjukkan gaji purata pekerja tempatan seperti dalam jadual berikut: Jadual 1 : FastTrack: Gaji dan Elaun Purata Pekerja Tempatan mengikut Sub-Industri Sektor Pembuatan

Berdasarkan kiraan gaji purata bagi lima sub-sektor berkenaan iaitu Elektrik & Elektronik, Perabot, Plastik, Sarung Tangan Getah dan Tekstil, gaji pokok purata adalah RM626.76 sebulan manakala gaji kasar purata termasuk elaun-elaun tetap adalah RM762.20 sebulan.

Peningkatan kos sara hidup terutamanya harga barang keperluan harian yang semakin meningkat, golongan berpendapatan rendah ini menghadapi kesulitan untuk memenuhi keperluan hidup mereka terutamanya di kawasan bandar. Cadangan penetapan gaji minimum kebangsaan sekurang-kurangnya akan dapat mengurangkan permasalahan ini.

Namun demikian, sesetengah pihak berpendapat penetapan gaji minimum kebangsaan akan membawa kepada implikasi negatif kerana ia boleh menjejaskan kuasa pasaran (distort market forces). Pelaksanaan gaji minimum juga boleh menyebabkan ‘kehilangan’ beberapa kategori pekerjaan di peringkat rendah yang masih ada permintaan terutamanya untuk golongan yang mudah terjejas (vulnerable groups) khususnya mereka yang bekerja di luar bandar dan secara tidak langsung akan meningkatkan kadar pengangguran negara.

Sehubungan itu, Kementerian Sumber Manusia amat mengalu-alukan sebarang pandangan, pendapat, idea, cadangan dan komen yang boleh disalurkan melalui blog ini atau menerusi e-mail: gaji-minimum@mohr.gov.my bagi membantu Kerajaan dalam menggubal dasar dan strategi mengenai gaji minimum.

Untuk mendapatkan maklumat lanjut berhubung dengan pelaksanaan gaji minimum, sila layari pautan gaji minimum yang disediakan.

Kerjasama tuan/ puan amat saya hargai dan didahului dengan berbanyak-banyak ucapan terima kasih.

Datuk Dr. S. Subramaniam
Menteri Sumber Manusia








Tuesday, March 23, 2010

Pandangan MTUC Mengenai Gaji Minimum

Isu mengenai gaji minimum untuk pekerja di Malaysia bukanlah suatu perkara baru. MTUC sejak bertahun-tahun telah menyuarakannya. Ianya agak rancak diperkatakan sejak beberapa tahun kebelakangan ini. Tampaknya perjuangan untuk mendapatkan gaji minimum masih belum membuahkan kejayaan. Tidak dapat dinafikan bahwa hal yang berkaitan dengan gaji atau pendapatan ada kaitannya dengan perkara kemiskinan. Masih kedapatan di Malaysia bahwa pekerja-pekerja menerima gaji pokok (basic wages) dibawah paras kemiskinan.

Kos hidup di Malaysia saban hari terus meningkat sedangkan pendapatan pekerja tidak dapat mengimbangi perbelanjaan yang kena ditanggung. Kita tidak dapat membayangkan bagaimanakah keadaan kehidupan pekerja nanti setelah subsidi beberapa barangan dan perkhidmatan ditarik balik. Tanpa gaji atau pendapatan yang munasabah sudah tentulah kehidupan mereka yang berpendapatan rendah akan menjadi bertambah teruk berbanding dengan keadaan sebelum ini. Jelasnya, gaji mereka tetap sama namun kuasa beli yang ada semakin merosot.

Para majikan pula, atas kehendak mereka sendiri, tidak akan menaikkan upah atau gaji pekerja-pekerja yang bergelut untuk meneruskan kehidupan dalam keadaan yang ada sekarang untuk menyara diri dan tanggungannya. Oleh hal yang demikian campur tangan pemerintah dalam memperkenalkan undang-undang bagi gaji minimum adalah sangat diperlukan.Objektif dan hasrat pemerintah Malaysia untuk mencapai Model Ekonomi Berpendapatan Tinggi agak sukar dicapai tanpa adanya gaji minimum yang munasabah.

Banyak orang yang berkata, termasuk Menteri Sumber Manusia, bahwa pekerja tempatan tidak mahu bekerja dengan syarikat-syarikat swasta akibat dari gaji yang ditawarkan adalah agak rendah. Tambang untuk pergi ke tempat kerja dan balik telah meningkat. Begitu juga dengan kos makan minum turut meningkat. Akibat dari sistem pengangkutan awam yang tidak effisien maka ianya memaksa para pekerja menggunakan kenderaan mereka sendiri yang tentunya akan meningkatkan kos hidup.

Dalam abad ini sepatutnya kita tidak lagi mendengar atau melihat berita bahwa pekerja masih ditindas dan diainayai. Akan tetapi penindasan ke atas pekerja masih berlaku. Majikan masih membayar gaji yang rendah yang tidak selaras dengan kos hidup terutama sekali bagi mereka yang berada di Lembah Kelang. Hujah yang menyatakan bahwa: 'biarlah kuasa pasar (market forces) menentukan paras gaji' tidak hanya membuatkan para pekerja terus ditindas malah ianya akan memburukkan lagi taraf kehidupan mereka.

MTUC masih berpendirian bahwa pekerja di Malaysia hendaklah dibayar gaji pada paras RM1,200 (termasuk Elaun Kos Hidup/COLA RM300) seperti mana yang telah dikemukakan kepada pemerintah sebelum ini. Masanya sudah sampai bagi sebuah negara seperti Malaysia yang bakal menjadi sebuah negara 'maju' tidak berapa lama lagi memperkenalkan undang-undang gaji minimum. Banyak negara di dunia ini telahpun menetapkan gaji minimum sejak lama dulu termasuk negara-negara jiran kita di rantau ini. Barang diingat bahwa gaji minimum tidak bermakna bahwa gaji tersebut akan beku pada paras tersebut. Dalam kata mudah gaji minimum bukanlah akan menjadi maksimum!

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